Kinetic and equilibrium studies of methylene blue removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust

Olugbenga Solomon Bello, Oladipo Mary Adelaide, Misbaudeen Abdul Hammed, Olalekan Abdul Muiz Popoola

Abstract


The aim of this study is to use treated sawdust as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye. The adsorption equilibrium and kinetics of methylene blue dye on this adsorbent were then examined at 25 ºC. The adsorption isotherm of the methylene blue on the treated adsorbent was determined and correlated with common isotherm equations. The sorption data were then correlated with the Langmuir and the Freundlich adsorption isotherm models. The Langmuir isotherm exhibited a better fit for the adsorption data than the Freundlich isotherm with maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 236.16 mg g–1. The kinetics of methylene blue adsorption on the treated adsorbent has also been studied by fitting the data in the Lagergren’s first order, the Ho-McKay’s pseudo second order, the Elovich and the Intraparticulate kinetic models. It was observed that the removal of methylene blue over the treated adsorbent undergoes the second order processes at all the concentrations of the dye. The kinetic parameters of this best-fit model were calculated and discussed.


Keywords


sawdust; adsorbent; dye; kinetic models; adsorption isotherm

Full Text:

PDF

References


Downham A., Collins P., Coloring our foods in the last and next millennium. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 35, 5–22. (2000).

Zollinger H., Synthesis, Properties and applications of organic dyes and pigments, color chemistry, 2nd revised edition, New York: VCH, 1991.

Poots V. J. P., McKay G., Healy J. J., Removal of acid dye from effluent using natural adsorbents. 1. Peat. Water Research, 10, 1061–1066 (1976).

Poots V. J. P., McKay G., Healy J. J., Removal of acid dye from effluent using natural adsorbents. 2. Wood. Water Research, 10, 1067–1070 (1976).

McKay G., Otterburn M. S., Aga A. J., Fullers earth and fired clay as adsorbents for dyestuffs – equilibrium and rate studies. Water Air Soil Pollution, 24, 307–322 (1985).

Nyholm N., Jacobsen B. N., Pederson B. M,, Poulsen O., Damborg A., Schultz B., Removal of organic micro pollutants at ppb levels in laboratory activated-sludge reactors under various operating conditions – biodegradation. Water Research, 26, 339–353 (1992).

Mavros P., Daniilidou A. C., Lazaridis N. K., Stergiou L., Color removal from aqueous-solutions. 1. Flotation. Environmental Technology, 15, 601–616 (1994).

Ghosh D., Bhattacharyya K. G., Adsorption of methylene blue on kaolinite. Applied Clay Science, 20, 295–300 (2002).

Avom J., Mbadcam J. K., Noubactep C., Germain P., Adsorption of methylene blue from an aqueous solution on to activated carbons from palm-tree cobs. Carbon, 35, 365–369 (1997).

Chen B., Hui C. W., McKay G., Pore-surface diffusion modeling for dyes from effluent on pith. Langmuir, 17, 740–748 (2001).

Kannan N., Sundaram M. M., Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption on various carbons. – A comparative study. Dyes and Pigments, 51, 25– 40 (2001).

Prado Alexandre G. S., Torres Jocilene D., Faria Elaine A., Dias Silvia C. L., Comparative adsorption studies of indigo carmine dye on chitin and chitosan. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 277, 43–47 (2004).

Allen S. J., Koumanova B., Depolarization of water/ wastewater using adsorption (review). Journal of the University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 40, 175–192 (2005).

Srivastava V. C., Mall I. D., Mishra I. M., Characterization of mesoporous rice husk ash (RHA) and adsorption kinetics of metal ions from aqueous solution onto RHA. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B134, 257–267 (2006).

Hajjaji M., Alami A., El Bouadili A., Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by fibrous clay minerals. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B135, 188–192 (2006).

Mittal A., Kurup L., Gupta V. K., Use of waste materials – bottom ash and de-oiled soya, as potential adsorbents for the removal of Amaranth from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B117, 171–178 (2005).

Mittal A., Mittal J., Kurup L., Singh A. K., Process development for the removal and recovery of hazardous dye erythrosine from wastewater by waste materials – bottom ash and de-oiled soya as adsorbents. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B138, 95–105 (2006).

Mittal A., Malviya A., Kaur D., Mittal J., Kurup L., Studies on the adsorption kinetics and isotherms for the removal and recovery of methyl orange from wastewaters using waste materials. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148, 229–240 (2007).

Wang S., Soudi M., Li L., Zhu Z. H., Coal ash conversion into effective adsorbents for removal of heavy metals and dyes from wastewater. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B133, 243–251 (2006).

Hamdaoui O., Dynamic sorption of methylene blue by cedar sawdust and crushed brick in fixed bed columns. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B138, 293–303 (2006).

Aksu Z. U., Isoglu I. A., Use of agricultural waste sugar beet pulp for the removal of Gemazol turquoise blue-G reactive dye from aqueous solution. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B137, 418–430 (2006).

Malkoc E., Nuhoglu Y., Removal of Ni (II) ions from aqueous solutions using waste of tea factory: Adsorption on a fixed-bed column. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B135, 328–336 (2006).

Mittal A., Adsorption kinetics of removal of a toxic dye, malachite green, from wastewater by using hen feathers. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B133, 196–202 (2006).

Gupta V. K., Mittal A., Kurup L., Mittal J., Adsorption of a hazardous dye, erythrosine, over hen feathers. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 304, 52–57 (2006).

Gupta V. K., Mohan D., Sharma S., Sharma M., Removal of basic dyes (Rhodamine-B and Methylene blue) from aqueous solutions using bagasse fly ash. Separation Science Technology, 35, 2097–2113 (2000).

Gupta V. K, Ali I., Saini V. K., Gerven T. V., Der Bruggen B. V., Vandecasteele C., Removal of dyes from wastewater using bottom ash. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44, 11, 3655–3664 (2005).

Gupta V. K., Ali I., Suhas, Mohan D., Equilibrium Uptake and sorption dynamics for the removal of a basic dye (basic red) using low cost adsorbents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 265, 257-64 (2003).

Gupta V. K., Ali I., Saini V. K., Suhas, Removal of rhodamine B, fast green and methylene blue from wastewater using red mud – an aluminum industry waste. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 43, 1740–1747 (2004).

Jain A. K., Gupta V. K., Bhatnagar A., Jain S., Suhas. A comparative assessment of adsorbents prepared from industrial wastes for the removal of cationic dye, Journal of Indian Chemical Society, 80, 267–270 (2003).

Bello O. S., Adeogun A. I., Ajaelu, C. J. and Fehintola E. O,. Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon derived from periwinkle shells: Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Chemistry and Ecology, 24, 4, 285–295 (2008).

D. Ghosh, K. G. Bhattacharyya, Adsorption of methylene blue on kaolinite, Appl. Clay Sci., 20, 295–300 (2002).

J. Avom, J. K. Mbadcam, C. Noubactep, P. Germain, Adsorption of methylene blue from an aqueous solution onto activated carbon from palm-tree cobs, Carbon, 35, 365–369 (1997).

G. F. Huang, Q. T. Wu, J. W. C. Wong, B. B. Nagar, Transformation of organic matter during co-composting of pig manure with sawdust, Bioresource Technology, 35, 132–137 (2005).

C. Namasivayam, R. T, Yamuna. Adsorption of Direct red 12B by biogas residual slurry. Equilibrium and rate processes. Environmental Pollution, 89, 1–8 (2005).

M. Hema, S. Arivoli. Comparative study on the adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of dyes onto acid activated low cost carbon. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 2 (1), 10–17 (2007).

S. Lagergren, B. K. Svenska, Zur Theorie der Sogenannten Adsorption Geloester Stoffe, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, Band, 24 (4), 1–39 (1898).

Ho, Y. S and Mckay, G., Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 76 (B2), 183–191 (1998).

S. H. Chien and W. R. Clayton. Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption on soils. Soil Science Society American Journal, 44, 265– 268 (1980).

W. J. Weber and J. C. Morris. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. Journal of Sanitation Engineering, Division of American Society Civil Engineering, 89, 31– 60 (1963).

E. Demirbasa, M. Kobyab, E. Senturkb, T. Ozkana, Adsorption kinetics for the removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions on the activated carbons prepared from agricultural wastes. Water SA, 30, 4, 533–540 (2004).

P. K. Malik, Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics, Journal of Hazardous Material, B113, 81–88 (2004).

C. Namasivayam, D. Kavitha, Removal of Congo red from water by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from coir pith, an agricultural solid waste, Dyes Pigments, 54, 47–58 (2002).

F. Haghseresht, G. Lu, Adsorption characteristics of phenolic compounds onto coal-reject-derived adsorbents, Energy Fuels, 12, 1100–1107 (1998).

K. Fytianos, E. Voudrias, E. Kokkalis, Sorption–desorption behavior of 2,4-dichlorophenol by marine sediments, Chemosphere, 40, 3–6 (2000).

T. W. Weber, R. K. Chakkravorti, Pore and solid diffusion models for fixedbed adsorbers, AIChE J., 20, 228 (1974).

W. T. Tsai, C. Y. Chang, M. C. Lin, S. F. Chien, H. F. Sun, M. F. Hsieh, Adsorption of acid dye onto activated carbons prepared from agricultural waste bagasse by ZnCl2 activation, Chemosphere, 45, 51–58 (2001).

K. R, Hall, L. C, Eagleton, A. Acrivos and T. Vermeulen, Pore and solid diffusion kinetics in fixed bed adsorption under constant pattern conditions. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, 5 (2), 212–223 (1966).

A. W. Adamson, Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, 5th ed., Wiley, New York, 1990. Pigments, 51, 25–40 (2001).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20450/mjcce.2010.181

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Olugbenga Solomon Bello, Oladipo Mary Adelaide, Misbaudeen Abdul Hammed, Olalekan Abdul Muiz Popoola

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.