Development and validation of a SPE-UHPLC-fluorescence method for the analysis of ochratoxin-a in certain Turkish wines

Elif Mine Oncu Kaya


A sensitive Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC)-fluorescence method was developed and validated for the determination of ochratoxin-A (OTA) in Turkish wine samples. Naphthalene was used as an internal standard in this study. OTA was separated on a C18 (3.0 mm × 100 mm × 1.8 µm) column and analyses were run under isocratic conditions, with a mobile phase consisting of water/acetonitrile/acetic acid (50:50:1, v/v/v). The flow rate and injection volume were 0.5 ml min−1 and 10 μl, respectively. The excitation and emission wavelengths were 330 nm and 460 nm for OTA, respectively, and 220 nm and 325 nm for internal standard, respectively. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) clean-up procedure on a C18 cartridge was used prior to the analysis of the wine samples by UHPLC. The developed method was validated with respect to linearity, precision, accuracy, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation (LOQ), stability and robustness. The method presented good RSD (< 4 %) and recovery (102.6–105.2 %) values. The LOD and LOQ values were 0.01 ng ml1 and 0.05 ng ml1, respectively. All other parameters were acceptable. OTA amounts were found in the range of 2.72‒7.40 µg kg‒1 in the Turkish wine samples.


UHPLC-FLD; ochratoxin A; Turkish wine; validation; SPE

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