Voltammetric quantification of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent diflunisal based on the enhancement effect of cationic surfactant on boron-doped diamond electrode

Ertuğrul Keskin, Shabnam Allahverdiyeva, Amer Alali, Yavuz Yardım

Abstract


The present work describes a simple, fast, and inexpensive voltammetric method for diflunisal measurement using a non-modified boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode. The oxidation of the agent was irreversible and presented a diffusion‐controlled process. The sensitivity of the square wave voltammetric measurements were significantly improved when the cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), was present in the supporting electrolyte solution. Using square-wave mode, a linear response was obtained for diflunisal quantification in 0.1 mol L-1 phosphate buffer solution (pH 2.5) solution containing 5×10-5 mol L-1 CTAB at +1.07 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) (after 30 s accumulation under open-circuit conditions). Linearity was found for 0.05 to 2.0 μg mL-1 (2.0×10-7-8.0×10-6 mol L-1) with a detection limit 0.013 μg mL-1 (5.2×10-8 mol L-1). The developed approach could be used for the quantification of diflunisal in pharmaceutical formulations.


Keywords


diflunisal; boron-doped diamond electrode; voltammetry; cationic surfactant; pharmaceutical formulation

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20450/mjcce.2021.2172

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