<i>N-n</i>-octylaniline as a new reagent for analytical liquid-liquid extraction of yttrium(III) from matrices of various metal ions
Keywords:yttrium(III), N-n-octylaniline, solvent extraction, salicylate
AbstractA systematic study of solvent extraction behavior of yttrium(III) with N-n-octylaniline from salicylate media was carried out. Yttrium(III) was quantitatively extracted from 0.02–0.05 mol dm–3 NaSal at pH 9.7 – 10.5 with 0.17 mol dm–3N-n-octylaniline in xylene. The extraction was found to proceed by an anion exchange mechanism with the extraction species being [CH3(CH2)7(C6H5)NH2+Y(C7H4O3)2–] ascertained on the basis of slope analysis. The extracted metal ion was separated by selective stripping with hydrochloric acid or perchloric acid from the metal loading organic phase and estimated spectrophotometrically following a complexation with Alizarin Red S. A binary separation of yttrium(III) from Th(IV), U(VI), Zr(IV), Nb(V), La(III), Nd(III), Ce(IV) and Gd(III) is discussed.
M.H. Chhatre, V.M. Shinde, Analytical separation of scandium(III) from yttrium(III) and lanthanum(III) by tributyl phosphine oxide (TBPO), Sep. Purif. Technol. 17, 117–124 (1999).
M.H. Chhatre, V.M. Shinde, Separation of scandium(III) and yttrium(III) by tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP), Talanta 47, 413–419 (1998).
D. Wu, C. Niu, D. Li, Y. Bai, Solvent extraction of scandium(III), yttrium(III), lanthanum(III) and gadolinium(III) using cyanex 302 in heptane from hydrochloric acid solution, J. Alloys Compd. 374, 442–446 (2004).
M. Karve, B. Vaidya, Selective separation of scandium(III) and yttrium(III) from other rare earth elements using cyanex 302 as an extractant, Sep. Sci. Technol. 43, 1111–1123 (2008).
B. Gupta, P. Malik, A. Deep, Solvent extraction and separation of tervalent lanthanides and yttrium using Cyanex 923, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 21, 239–258 (2003).
M.L. P. Reddy, R.L. Varma, T.R. Ramamohan, K.S. Sahu, V. Chakravortty, Cyanex 923 as an extractant
for trivalent lanthanides and yttrium, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 16, 795–812 (1998).
E. Antico, A. Masana, M. Hidalgo, V. Salvado, M. Iglesias, M. Valiente, Solvent extraction of yttrium
from chloride media by di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid in kerosene. Speciation studies and gel formation, Anal. Chim. Acta 327, 267–276 (1996).
F. Bunu, R. Dumitrescu, Simultaneous extraction of rare earth elements and uranium from phosphoric
acid, Hydrometallurgy 28, 331–338 (1992).
M. Iglesias, E. Antico, V. Salvado, A. Masana, M. Valiente, Effect of Y(III) distribution between aqueous nitrate and organic D2EHPA solutions on Y(III) precipitation stripping using oxalic acid, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 17, 277–300 (1999).
S. Nishihama, T. Hirai, I Komasawa, Selective extraction of yttrium from a Ho/Y/Er mixture by liquid-liquid extraction in the presence of a water–soluble complexing agent, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 39, 3907–3911 (2000).
X. Sun, J. Zhao, S. Meng, D. Li, Synergistic extraction and separation of yttrium from heavy rare earths using mixture of sec-octylphenoxy acetic acid and bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) phosphinic acid, Anal. Chim. Acta 533, 83–88 (2005).
Y.G. Wang, S.T. Yue, D.Q. Li, M.J. Jin, C.Z. Li, Solvent extraction of scandium(III), yttrium(III), lanthanides(III), and divalent metal ions with secnonylphenoxy acetic acid, Solvent extr. Ion Exch. 20, 701–716 (2002).
X. Sun, Y. Wang, D. Li, Selective separation of yttrium by CA-100 in the presence of a complexing agent, Proceedings of Rare Earths’04 in Nara, Japan, J. Alloys Compd, 408–412, 999–1002 (2006).
Y.G. Wang, Y. Xiong, S.L. Meng, D.Q. Li, Separation of yttrium from heavy lanthanides by CA- 100 using the complexing agent, Talanta 63, 239–143 (2004).
Y.K. Agrawal, S.K. Menon, S. Sudhakar, Solvent extraction and separation of yttrium with dibenzo-18-crown-6, Sep. Purif. Technol. 24, 197–203 (2001).
W. Li, X. Wang, S. Meng, D. Li, Y. Xiong, Exctraction and separation of yttrium from the rare earths with sec-octylphenoxy acetic acid in chloride media, Sep. Purif. Technol. 54, 164–169 (2007).
J.S. Preston, Solvent extraction of the trivalent lanthanides and yttrium by some 2-bromoalkanoic acids, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 12, 29–54 (1994).
J.S. Preston, A.C. Du Preez, Synergistic effect in solvent extraction system based on alkyl salicylic acids III. Extraction of the trivalent lanthanides and yttrium from chloride media in the presence of dialkyl and diaryl sulphoxides, Extr. Ion Exch. 14, 755-772 (1996).
D. Czakis-Sulikowska, N. Pustelnik, A. Malinowska, B. Kuznik, Solvent extraction of yttrium(III), gadolinium(III), terbium(III), thulium(III) and ytterbium(III) with 5,7-dichloro-8-hydroxyquinoline from water and water-methanol solutions, Chem. Anal. 42, 23–25 (1997).
D.K. Singh, H. Singh, J.N. Mathur, Extraction of rare earths and yttrium with high molecular weight carboxylic acids, Hydrometallurgy 81, 174–181 (2006).
A. Shimada, T. Yaita, H. Narita, S. Tachimori, K. Okuno, Extraction of lanthanide(III) ions with N,N’-dimethyl-N,N’-diphenylpyridine-2,6-dicarboxyamide (DMDPhPDA) from nitric acid solution, Solvent Extr. on Exch. 22, 147–161 (2004).
J.S. Preston, A.C. Du Preez, Solvent extraction of the trivalent lanthanides and yttrium from nitrate media by dialkyl sulphoxides, Solvent Extr. Ion Exch. 19, 581–595 (2001).
M.R. Yaftian, M. Vahedpoor, M. Burgard, D. Matt, Solvent extraction and transport of rare earth metal ions using 5,11,17,23-tetra-tert-butyl-25,27-bis(diethylcarbamoyl methoxy)-26,28-dihydroxycalix arene, Iran. J. Chem. & Chem. Eng. 19, 60–64 (2000).
F. Kubota, K. Shinohara, K. Shimojo, T. Oshima, M. Goto, S. Furusaki, T. Hano, Extraction of rare earth metals by calyxarene solubilised in AOT reversed micellar solution, Sep. Puri. Technol. 24, 93–100 (2001).
D.D. Desai, V.M. Shinde, Liquid anion-exchange extraction and separation of yttrium, neodymium and samarium, Anal. Chim. Acta 167, 413–417 (1985).
A.G.I. Dalvi, C.S. Deodhar, B.D. Joshi, Chemical separation and spectrographic estimation of rare earths and yttrium in PuO2 and (U, Pu)O2, Talanta 24, 143–145 (1977).
S. A. Sayed, T. A. Sami, A. A. Abd EI Tawab, Synergistic extraction of some rare earths(III) from nitrate media by thenoyltrifluoroacetone and tri(n-octylamine), Sep. Sci. Technol. 31, 2579–2587 (1996).
O.A. Desouky, A.M. Daher, Y.K. Abdel-Monem, A.A. Galhoum, Liquid-liquid extraction of yttrium using Primene-JMT from acidic sulfate solutions, Hydrometalurgy 96, 313–317 (2009).
A.K. Pyartman, V.V. Lishchuk, V.A. Keskinov, Extraction of thorium(IV), lanthanum(III) and yttrium(III) nitrates with a composite solid extract ant based on a polymeric support impregnated with trialkylamine, Russian J. Applied Chem. 79, 1266–1270 (2006).
A.K. Pyartman, V.A. Keskinov, V.V. Lishchuk, A.V. Konstantinova, V.V. Belova, Extraction of Th(IV), La(III) and Y(III) nitrates with a composite solid extractant based on a polymeric support impregnated with trialkylmethylammonnium nitrate, Russian J. Applied Chem. 79, 1802–1807 (2006).
T.N. Lokhande, M.A. Anuse, M.B. Chavan, Liquid-liquid extraction of palladium(II) with N-n-octylaniline
from hydrochloric acid media, Talanta 46, 163–169 (1998).
B.M. Sargar, M.M. Rajmane, M.A. Anuse, Selective liquid-liquid extraction of antimony(III) from hydrochloric acid media by N-n-octylaniline in xylene, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 69, 283–298 (2004).
S.S. Kolekar, M.A. Anuse, Selective liquid–liquid extraction of platinum(IV) from ascorbate media by N-n-octylaniline: Its separation from associated elements and real samples, Sep. Sci. Technol. 38, 2597–2618 (2003).
S.S. Kolekar, M.A. Anuse, Solvent extraction separation of rhodium(III) with N-n-octylaniline as an extractant, Talanta 58, 761–771 (2002).
M.M. Rajmane, B.M. Sargar, S.V. Mahamuni, M.A. Anuse, Solvent extraction separation of zirconium(IV) from succinate media with N-noctylaniline, J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 71, 233–234 (2006).
B.M. Sargar, M.A. Anuse, Liquid–liquid extraction of tellurium(IV) with N-n-octylaniline in halide medium and its separation from real samples, Talanta 55, 469–478 (2001).
F.J. Welcher, The Analytical Uses of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid, D.Van Nostrand Company Inc. New York, London, 1958, pp. 50, 185.
Z.G. Gardlund, R.J. Curtis, G.W. Smith, Influence of molecular structural changes on the mesomorphic behavior of benzylideneanilines, Liquid Crystals Ordered Fluids Liq., Crystals Ordered Fluids 2, 541–545 (1973).
E.B. Sandell, Colorimetric Determination of Traces of Metals, Interscience Publishers Inc. New York, London, Third Edition, 1965, pp. 748, 969.
M. Zygment, Spectrophotometric determination of Elements, John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York, First Edition, 1976, pp. 442, 443, 540.
H.A. Flaschka, A.J. Barnard Jr, Chelates in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 4, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1972, pp. 148, 162.
K.N. Munshi, A.K. Dey, Spectrophotometric determination of rare earth metals with 4-(2- pyridylazo) resorcinol, Anal. Chim. 36, 2003–2004 (1964).
S. Shibata, F. Takerchi, T. Matsumae Spectrophotometric determination of lanthanum(III) with Neothoron, Anal. Chim Acta, 21 177–181 (1959).
M.R. Shivade, V.M. Shinde, Extraction of gadolinium with liquid ion exchangers, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 317, 792–795 (1984).
How to Cite
The authors agree to the following licence: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- for any purpose, even commercially.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.