Phenolic content and antimicrobial potentials of Xylopia aethiopica and Myristica argentea

Mercy Esekhiagbe, Mark-Maria Uzuazokaro Agatemor, Christian Agatemor

Abstract


The Folin-Ciocalteu method was used to quantify the total phenolics in the aqueous extract of two spices, Xylopia aethiopica and Myristica argentea. A modified agar streak dilution method was used to assess the susceptibility of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus to the aqueous extracts of the spices. The results showed that high levels of phenolics were present in the extracts. The extracts also showed high-modest antimicrobial activity against the tested bacteria.

Keywords


Myristica argentea; Xylopia aethiopica; phenolics; antimicrobial activity; Escherichia coli; Staphylococcus aureus

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20450/mjcce.2009.205

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