Smart textiles: Paving the way to sustainability


  • Aleksandra Ivanoska-Dacikj Research Centre for Environment and Materials, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Skopje, Macedonia
  • Lutz Walter European Technology Platform for the Future of Textiles and Clothing, Brussels, Belgium
  • Karin Eufinger Centexbel Gent, Gent-Zwijnaarde, Belgium
  • Ariadna Detrell AEI Tèxtils, Barcelona, Spain
  • Yesim Oguz Gouillart Junia, Department of Building and Urban Environment, Innovative Textile Material, Lille, France
  • Enrico Venturini Next Technology Tecnotessile, Prato, Italy
  • Raul Fangueiro Fibrenamics - Institute of Innovation in Fiber-based Materials and Composites, University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal
  • Daniela Zavec ITP GmbH - Gesellschaft für Intelligente Textile Produkte, Weimar, Germany
  • Paulo Cadeia CITEVE, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal
  • Vincent Nierstrasz Textile Material Technology, Department of Textile Technology, Faculty of Textile, Engineering and Business, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden
  • Bruno Mougin MDB TEXINOV, Saint-Didier-De-La-Tour, France



smart textiles, sustainability, circular economy, end-of-life, eco-design


As an emerging technology, smart textiles can bring solutions to many problems, but also create new ones, especially related to their disposal and their impact on the environment. That is why it is important to address this problem at this stage of technological development when smart textiles have not yet pervaded the mass markets. In this article, first, an attempt is made to understand the chronological development of smart textiles: the reasons for a weak breakthrough in the commercial markets throughout the decades, starting from the 1990s until today, but also the emergence of new driving forces that should inevitably lead to a bright future for smart textiles. In addition, we explore the contemporary possibilities for sustainable materials, manufacturing techniques, and end-of-life solutions for developing sustainable smart textiles based on a broad literature review, online sources, and a questionnaire survey among textile experts. Finally, an overview of the latest developments related to the standardization of smart textiles is given. This research was spurred by participation in CONTEXT COST Action (CA17107 - European Network to connect research and innovation efforts on advanced Smart Textiles).


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2024-05-08 — Updated on 2024-05-20


How to Cite

Ivanoska-Dacikj, A., Walter, L. ., Eufinger, K., Detrell, A. ., Oguz Gouillart, Y., Venturini, . E. ., Fangueiro, R., Zavec, D. ., Cadeia, P., Nierstrasz, V. ., & Mougin, B. . (2024). Smart textiles: Paving the way to sustainability. Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 43(1), 149–164. (Original work published May 8, 2024)



Materials Engineering

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