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Characterization of tea water extracts and their utilization for dyeing and functionalization of fabrics of different chemical compositions


  • Aleksandra Ivanovska University of Belgrade, Innovation Center of the Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy
  • Leposava Pavun University of Belgrade, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Danijela Stojanović University of Belgrade, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Jelena Lađarević University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Karnegijeva 4, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Marina Milenković University of Belgrade, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
  • Snežana Uskoković-Marković University of Belgrade, Faculty of Pharmacy, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia



Tea water extract, Fabric, Functionalization, Dyeing, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity


Green, black, rooibos, and hibiscus tea (GT, BT, RT, and HT) water extracts were prepared and characterized in terms of total flavonoids (TFC) and phenolic (TPC) contents, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. BT has the highest, while HT has the lowest TFC (1213 vs. 415 mg L-1), while the extracts’ TPCs (2283-7251 mg L-1) decreased in the following order: BT > GT > RT > HT. Their antioxidant activities of 78.1-93.1 % and 97.8-100 % were determined according to DPPH and ABTS methods, respectively. BT and especially GT water extracts possessed mild effects against several microorganisms. All examined extracts have an affinity for dyeing wool, cellulose acetate, polyamide, and cotton which is proven by the color strength values of 1.65-19.12. Wool, polyacrylonitrile, polyester, polyamide, cotton, and cellulose acetate functionalized with GT water extract inhibited the growth of S. aureus and, E. coli, while polyacrylonitrile and cotton also inhibited the growth of E. faecalis, and C. albicans, respectively. Wide inhibition zones for S. aureus were observed for fabrics functionalized with BT water extract. Generally, the investigated fabrics showed very high (81.60-100 %) ABTS radical scavenging ability independently on used extract. TPCs are in good linear correlations with the antioxidant activities of wool and polyacrylonitrile determined by DPPH method. Fabrics having different chemical compositions dyed and/or functionalized with GT, or BT water extract can be considered for functional clothing - fine stockings, as a wound dressing, and socks for people with sensitive skin or having irritation and inflammation of the skin.


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How to Cite

Ivanovska, A., Pavun, L., Stojanović, D., Lađarević, J. ., Milenković, M., & Uskoković-Marković, S. (2023). Characterization of tea water extracts and their utilization for dyeing and functionalization of fabrics of different chemical compositions. Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 42(2).



Materials Chemistry

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